Transport is a term used in the maritime transport and logistics industry to refer to the process of moving goods over short distances. It is usually limited to the container transport industry, where it is an essential part of the overall transfer of shipments. Maritime transport is the short-distance transportation of goods in the shipping and logistics industries, often as part of a longer journey from a ship to a warehouse. Drayage is a specific type of transport that involves picking up or delivering goods by truck from a seaport, border point, inland port or intermodal terminal, with the origin and destination of the trip in the same urban area.
It can also refer to the movement of goods inside large buildings, such as convention centers. Drayage is an important part of the transfer of shipments to and from other modes of transport. The fare paid for such services is also referred to as drayage. In essence, drayage consists of sending cargo over a short distance, usually from a shipping method to an intermediary.
For example, if goods arrive in Jacksonville through the port and are planning to leave the city in the back of dozens of trucks, who will herd them from the port to the warehouse? That's what drayage is all about. The name comes from the old days, when goods were transported in carts without sides drawn by horses. Drayage is the shipment of goods over a short distance, usually as part of a longer overall movement. Instead of moving a heavy container from the ship directly to the warehouse, drayage corresponds to moving cargo from the port to the truck or from the port to the railway.
It is usually a short distance that can be covered in approximately 1-2 hours and therefore almost always within the same geographical area.